What is the biggest difference between China and India?
Vishal Gaur, studied at St Stephen's School
Originally Answered: What are five big differences between India and China?
China is hardware power. India is software power
China population is white chinese. India population is brown indians.
China eats whatever moves. India prays ( worships) whatever moves (and does not move)
Chandravadan Trivedi, former Retired Fishery Scientist
Originally Answered: What are the common interests between China and India?
Both wants to become Asian super power & wants to garner as much energy resources form overseas as possible.
China will establish many military centres along the rail line from Khasgar to Gwader. Terrorists are going to meddle this line & both the authoritative defence forces will try to mow down as much of the mischief mongers as possible - this is in India's interest.
India is supplying plenty of English Language teachers for the Chinese to study the language & once the common Chinese take to understand the world, things will be different - advantage India.
A good amount of Indian fish not exported to non-Chinese countries, are gobbled up by China, which is in India's interest. India's catch gets the price.
Substantial amount of iron not processed at home is exported to China, which advantageous to both of them.
Rail line from China to Bangla Desh will give some amount of work to the latter & export & import from & to Chittogong will fruitfully employ the locals.
China has Naval presence in waters around Somalia, to keep the Somalian pirates at bay. India also has the same arrangement, such an action has brought down piracy around Somalian waters.
Girish Bhat, former IT Design, R&D
Originally Answered: What is difference between India and China?
Having very close Chinese friends, I would like to say the following.
1.Both Chinese and Indians are intensity family oriented. They respect parents and people in authority.
2.Their main focus in life is betterment of their and family fortunes.
3.Constantly compare themselves to their peers. Engrossed in the rat race.
4.Have a strong preference for male offspring. Feel the compulsion to continue the lineage/family tree.
5.Won’t hesitate to compromise on ethics for personal/family gain.
7.They are clannish, racist and xenophobic. At the same time, they are capable of being kind, generous and hospitable.
8.Culture and history is important to both.
9.Chinese are more pragmatic and rational.
Now, to the difference;
1.Indians are too individualistic. No concept of community or nation.
2.Indians tend do things differently even if/when advised or instructed.
3.Indians don't readily accept rules or regulations, in fact, always figure out how to break them.
4.Indians get high on religion.
There are costs and benefits, both ways.
Indians are independent thinkers. They have an edge when it comes to thinking out of the box. When it comes to implementing plans Chinese are more efficient.
A Chindian may be the optimal combination of the two.
Eddie Du, A native
Originally Answered: In what way India is different from China?
Economically, India's economy is about a decade behind China's, largely due to its reforms lagging behind China's. Foreign capitals face a lot more restrictions in India compared with China. But India's PM Narendra Modi is trying to improve that.
In terms of race, the majority of Indians belong to either the Indo-Aryan language family or Dravadian language family. However, Tibeto-Burmans and other Austro-Asiatic speakers are also in the Northeast and Eastern part of the country. And there is no definitive line between these peoples. While in China, more than 90% of the people are ethnic Han, who speak different dialects of the Chinese (Sinitic) language. Sometimes Western academics insist on dividing those dialects into different languages.
In terms of religion, India's majority religion is Hinduism, although it's not a clearly defined religion. Every Hindu person believes in and favors a different Hindu God, sometimes many gods at the same time. The majority of the Chinese people are atheists, although the majority of those atheists at the same time do worship their ancestors and celebrate many traditional holidays that are often 'tainted' with traditional folk religions.
In terms of education, India's higher institutions rank much lower than prestigious Chinese universities in many fields. But many Indian Institute of Technology graduates achieve much more compared with their Chinese counterparts in the West. Many of them are renowned scientists, and senior executives.
In terms of sports, India never seemed to care about other sports other than cricket. Indian athletes never won many medals in Olympics. China is a totally different story. The State puts a hell of a emphasis on competing with the West and they would stop at nothing trying to show that China is just as capable as the West. Of course, occasionally, scandals involving mistreatment of athletes and illegal drugs are discovered.
In terms of interactions with the West, you would like way more articulate scholars and entertainers of Indian descent largely because India was a British colony for hundreds of years and the interactions of Indian elites are much more accustomed to western way of doing things. Chinese diplomats are intellectuals are usually not very good speakers of the English language although they are doing much better as there are almost as many as 400,000 Chinese students studying in the United States alone
Anupam Sahu, Consultant in Ernst & Young,Prior worked at INFOSYS(2014-18)
India vs. China: Is There Even a Comparison ?
The GDP growth rate of India overtook the GDP growth rate of China in 2015. This has fuelled many newspaper articles in India stating that India is also on the path to replicating the Chinese growth story. However, the truth seems far from it. Despite the Indian media’s frantic efforts to put India and China in the same league by using statistics that are misleading to compare the two economies, India is still a long way behind China. True, that India has made rapid strides on the path to becoming an economic powerhouse. However China has been doing so for decades. In this article, we will explain why India–China comparisons are totally baseless.
China’s Economy is Four Times Larger Than India’s Economy
The GDP of India is close to $1.5 trillion. At the same time, the GDP of China is close $7 trillion. The economy of China is at least 4 times as big as the economy of India. This means that even if China grows at the rate of a meager 1.5% and India grows at a rate of 7%, the Chinese economy would have added the same amount in output as the Indian economy would have!
Comparing the GDP growth rates of India and China is therefore a pointless exercise. China’s growth rate has been consistently higher than India’s growth rate over the past three decades or so. India has barely overtaken the Chinese growth rate for a couple of quarters. Only if India can continue to beat the Chinese growth rate by a huge margin for the next two to three decades, does India stand a chance of overtaking the Chinese economy.
Inflation in India is 6 times higher than it is in China
India’s GDP growth has been accompanies by runaway inflation in the country. Growth rate accompanied by inflation cannot last for a long period of time. Instead, such growth rate is indicative of the short term impetus that has been given to the economy by the monetary policy.
On the other hand, China’s inflation has been relatively stable at a negligible 0.8% for many years. This has been accomplished despite the fact that China has been recording fiscal surplus for the past many years and ideally should be reeling with inflation. To the contrary, China has established sovereign wealth funds, which invest the additional cash in foreign assets keeping the inflation rate low.
Given the fact that Indian economy is severely marred by inflation, it seems unlikely that they will be able to compete against China in the long run.
China’s Manufacturing Productivity is 1.6 times than that of India
China produces a lot more than India does. It also does so remarkably more efficiently. Given the better quality infrastructure and better production techniques at China’s disposal, it is not astounding that the average Chinese worker produces 1.6 times more output than that of the average Indian worker. This means that the productivity of China as a nation is 60% higher.
The Indian manufacturing sector has multiple problems. These problems include erratic electricity supply, slow and expensive transport systems as well as lack of skills that increase manufacturing productivity.
Given that a large portion of these problems are structural in nature, it seems unlikely that India will be able to overcome them in the near future.
The Indian economy on the other hand, has a clear strategic advantage when the workforce is considered. The Indian education system was created by the British. As such, Indian workforce is global in nature. They can speak fluent English which gives them an edge over Chinese nationals who face language barriers. Also, the Indian workforce does high end jobs for the information technology industry and BPO industry as compared to the Chinese workforce which works menial jobs on the factory shop floor. Given that the future of the world lies in high skilled knowledge jobs, the Indian workforce may soon rise in prominence while the Chinese workforce may soon become redundant.
One Child Policy
Also, China faces what many economists call a demographic time bomb. For the past couple of decades, China has followed the one child policy to control population. However, now China faces a situation wherein there are more people out of the workforce than in it. On an average, every Chinese worker is expected to pay for the costs of at least two Chinese retirees.
India, on the other hand, is facing a demographic dividend. It has a huge, extremely skilled workforce. Hence, if the government is able to provide jobs to these workers, the Indian economy is expected to grow by leaps and bounds. Given the fact that there will be a lot more people in the workforce than out of it, India is poised to become an economic superpower.
State run enterprises are usually not efficient and definitely not innovative. On the other hand, the Indian industry is based on innovative enterprises. Given the competitive nature of the world economy, the Indian industry stands a better chance at success in the future. This can already be seen as capital intensive Chinese industries such as coal and cement are going bankrupt whereas knowledge intensive industries such as information technology are thriving!
The China India comparison is therefore absurd at the moment. China is a full-fledged superpower that has begun to show signs of decline whereas India has just started rising. The path is long and uncertain and only time will answer certain questions!
I think the biggest difference is Indian has put too much attention on China, while China really don't care about India. on Indian media you can see huge mount of news about China, even more than America. Indian media like to report everything about China, and compare India with China as long as they get a chance. While you can hardly see news about India in China, no matter good news or bad news, no matter on newspaper, TV or internet, you need try very hard to find something related to India. Some old Chinese people even mixed India with Indonesia.
Another big difference is Chinese like to get things done, then talk. while Indian like to talk a lot and can't get things done eventually. The recent example is India declared they are going to replace all fuel cars with electric cars before 2030. But even the countries with the most advanced electric car technology like USA, China, Japan wouldn't dare to declare such extreme plan because there are only 11 years left, and it's doomed to fail. Hower India just confidently tell this plan to the whole world. I really hope I am wrong about this, let's see what will happen in 2030.
Hemant Ghayal, Director (1988-present)
Originally Answered: What are difference between China and India?
Except a few variations China is more homogenous in its populace compared to India which has more variations in terms of religion, language etc.
Chinese people are more educated, disciplined and ambitious than the Indians, and hence as a society are more prosperous.
Chinese people are more innovative in their approach. In technology generation and absorption they may be ahead by as much as ten years over India if we take an overall view. One can take low end technology used for everyday products, or high end technology such as aircraft design.
Shyam Kumar (ʃjɑːm kʊmɑːɾ), Been studying history since the Civil Services
Biggest difference is - Ruism/Confucianism and Caste system.
All about where loyalty lies.
This forms one of the key differentiators between the two.
Confucianism/Ruism at its core contains hierarchial organisation and paramountcy of the state over the individual.
Caste is a rigid social structure with social immobility, through there is evidence that at its inception it was intended only as a division of labour.
Max Scherzer, BE from India
Originally Answered: What is difference between India and China?
This is the map of China
China has wide net of 6 lane road
This is map of India
If you observe clearly 6 lane roads in india is very less
India is lag behind the china in all perspective (*2017).
But India lead china by humanity, religion.
That is the main reason for unemployed engineers in India. Not because of more engineering colleges, lack of skill , reservation etc. Mainly India has less infrastructure to generate opportunity for engineers,
This condition of India because of currupt and uneducated (BA BCOM) politicians ,who don't have wide vision.
As talking about politician they promote festival in the name of culture(useless with no output) instead of promoting education and new ideas.
Vidhit Naik, Student at St. Xavier's College Mumbai (2018-present)
Originally Answered: How is India different from China?
1.Geographical Difference:- The Republic Of India is in southern Asia and it's longest borders are shared with China and Pakistan. Apart from that, it does share borders with Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh. The People's Republic Of China shares it's longest borders with Russia and India. It also shared borders with Mongolia, North Korea, Vietnam , Laos, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan , Tajikistan, Nepal and Bhutan.
2.Demographic difference :- India has a population of 1.25 billion and an area of almost 12,00,00,0 square miles , giving it a population density of roughly 350. China has a population of around 1.3 billion and an area of 3 ,000,000 square miles and a population density of roughly 138. India is home to around 2000 plus ethnic groups and has followers of all major religions in the world like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism are the four main religions. China recognizes only 55 ethnic groups and is home to mainly buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.
3.Historical Difference :- India had the Indus valley civilization which was succeeded by various Hindu kings who later lost their freedom to the Delhi Sultanate and The Mughals. Soon, the Marathas would liberates India and the Hindus only to fall to the British who went on to rule the rule the country for 200 years. Finally, political independence was obtained in 1947. Following the Neolithic period many dynasties ruled over china and by the late 18 th and early 19 th Century, a particular wat of governance had developed in China . The 2000 years long dynastic rule in China came to an end when a parliament was made in the early 20 th Century.
5.Development Status :- India is still a developing nation with most of its resources been used in the field of energy, military, infrastructure and poverty as well as health care. China implemented it's open door policy in 1978 and initiated economic reforms to give it a bit of capitalist orientation. This step by china did reap the benefits and it's currently the second largest economy in the world.
6.Military :- Being a military man's son, I know how China just postures and bullies it's neighbors like India and Mongolia. But ist th 3rd most powerful powerful in the world. But it is mainly an exporter to pakistan and North Korea in the military sector. India, is the 4th most powerful military in the world and mainly imports it's equipment from the USA and Russia.
Umair Usman, Traveled to India for business
I have been to both countries for business several times. The biggest difference between the Chinese and the Indians is that the Indians believe that they are the best! while the Chinese believe they will someday be the best!
Whats the difference? arrogance vs confidence. The Indians have done well and will not spare any chance to tell how food they are, probably gifted when it comes to business, or as a cradle of civilization or how they have the best tourist spots or that they are the biggest democracy. The self praise is cool, as far as I am concerned.
The Chinese however seem to have a sense of urgency. As if there is an obscure goal that they are going towards and will one day reach. I feel this makes the Chinese a little more humble and make them work harder and more aggressively.
I short, India feels it has made it, China believes that there is still a long journey ahead.
Sainath, Graduate History & General Awarnes, Osmania University (2015)
First of all we all are HUMANS!!!!!!
Here difference between India & china are geographical, physical, linguistic and administration ( NOTE:- So many answers on cultural difference which i don’t agree)
China is 3 times larger than India. Most of INDIA is in tropical zone whereas china is in temperate zone which makes it cooler than India. ironically India also receive huge snow fall thanks to mighty Himalayas, again ironically Chinese don’t have hot desert climate, so sad that Chinese miss safari nights which Indian’s enjoy:#thar desert:. both countries have sandy beaches, thick forest and LIFE LINE rivers like yangtze & ganga(felling sad to mention that ganga is most polluted river).
I have noticed Chinese males don’t have thick beard like Indian men which makes Indian very manly, whereas Chinese males have soft skin(personal experience)silky hair’s. eye’s formation is also a significant difference.
Entire world know that India is a multi-linguistic country with more than 1600+ registered languages whereas 90% Ethnic HAN Chinese speak only one language which make the business to run smoothly. In India business man cannot expand his business beyond his native language. due to many languages, India has uncountable poet’s, different songs,multiple film industries etc.,which makes India like a RAINBOW NATION.
AS I MENTIONED IN BEGINNING THAT THEIR IS NO CULTURAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INDIA AND CHINA, HERE ARE SOME POINTS TO PROVE MY STATEMENT:
1.Both countries have very strong family values, I mean to say arrange marriages & joint families etc.,
2.Both countries are ANCIENT CIVILIZATION’S and traditional in approach. Though china had cultural revolution by communist party in 1949 but still religion prevail’s in china which can move gears quickly. It seems that Chinese have just paused the religion for development, Chinese can restore it at anytime.
3.Indians gave women a status of goddess(DURGA) Chinese gave women a statues of goddess(Guanyin)
4.India gave YOGA to world china gave MARTIAL ART’S. India gave Ayurvedha to world where as china gave gunpowder. both contributed equally to world
5.Some people are arguing that India is more vibrant than china, my question to you folks is how come china have more UNESCO sites than India? for me it sounds good to say that both countries are equally vibrant.
How come Chinese culture will be different to Indian culture as you know former is inspired by later. AS NOBLE PRIZE NOMINATED AUTHOR “Hu Shih” RIGHTLY MENTIONED.
LONG LIVE INDIA-CHINA RELATIONSHIP, LOVE FROM INDIA TO CHINA
Puneeth Babu, Skeptic
Originally Answered: What are the common interests between China and India?
In one line, China is looking for an economic colony and India for an investing colonial master.
China at present has a large amount of surplus capital and decreasing market for its goods. So it is looking out for potential markets for its goods as well as secure investments. It also wants to move up the supply chain and manufacturing where it produces the high value, high end products while the basic and more polluting industries are shifted out of main land China.
India on the other hand is looking for solutions to the rising unemployment and challenges in meeting the rising needs of its population. It is thus looking for investments in the more employment generating industries like manufacturing, tourism and hospitality etc. This is where China is trying to meet the needs of India.
Though this appears normal on the surface, this is exactly the same condition which prevailed during colonial times where the colonies were seen as destination for surplus capital and a market for finished goods.
What is the biggest difference between China and India?
The biggest difference is India has very rich culture - food, way of living, family values, practices (ceremonies and functions), freedom to accept other cultures and languages to name a few compared to China’s rudimentary culture.
On the other hand, the biggest China achievement in growth is because of their disciplined Communist Government now practicising communist capitalism and of course India has failed so far despite more intelligent population
Bhaskar Subramanian, works at Semiconductors
China plans something and does it.
India plans something and talks about it.
Kung Fu - YOGA
Manufactured by a video-game developer Bluehole.
China has banned PUBG. Meanwhile, Bluehole has made revenue of millions from India.
In short, China is much more concerned about the productivity of its workforce.
This is the biggest difference.
Pretty much explains why with a population size that is virtually same, they have 3 times more GDP than India.
Vaibhav Savandre, Btech CSE from Lovely Professional University- LPU (2022)
If u have 6 Chinese people round a table u will have only one opinion on a topic.
But if u have 6 Indians round a table u will definetily have 6 different opinions
Vikram H, A political nerd!
I would like add sphere of influence as one common interest. China is looking to expand its influence outside of Asia, while india is also looking to increase its influence. China's current interests are towards becoming a hard power(military). India on other hand is using soft power (culture) such as yoga for example, to show its rise in the world. India's interest in a few decades will shift to hard power, when it's economy will begin to rival China's.
Yogesh Purohit, B. Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering (2011)
There are lot of differences one may point out.
China has 'the great Wall of china'.
India has ‘the taj-mahal'.
It's a endless list with equally endless list of similarities.
But if I have to point out one difference then it would be The Geat Wall and The Taj Mahal.
These are two wonders of the world, which points out multiple things about the countries. Both countries have many more structural monuments which could be pointed out as well.
Both countries have long history.
Sadhan Sanyal, former ,Retired senior citizen at Retirement
In 1948 China and India had same economy after 70 yrs China’s economy is 5 Times that of India, it is now 2nd rank after US,in another 10 yrs it will reach on top, that is no 1
Rajkumar Chharush, ASI, CISF at Ministry of Home Affairs, India
This : India promises, China delivers.
Seevendra Dwivedi, lives in India (1993-present)
China has most hardworking people after japan , but in india there are people who go for finding easier ways.
Chandrasekaran Nair, Off-shore Installation Manager (OIM) at --- (2000-present)
Both r populated nations.. one is discipline nation through laws. Other one is destroyed by UK LAWS
Ramesh Babu, Scholar in Residence at Foundation for Democratic Reforms (2013-present)
China is bigger, more powerful, and aggressive. India is a status quo power. India has no designs to occupy the lands of others.
Swagat Mohapatra, Network engineer academy
China is 25 years ahead of India in terms of infrastructure development and technology.
Samba Siva Rao Kadiam, Retired Senior Librarian, Atomic Energy Education Society
1.One fourth of the world population is living in both countries of China and India. (world populatiojn is 700 crore; China 130 crore and India 125 crore).
2.Both countries got independence after World War-II. (India in 1947 and China in 1949).
3.China is Community country whereas India follows Parliament Democracy.
4.China followed a expansive territorial policy which occupied Tibet, Xinjiang and Aksai Chin whereas Sikkim was joined into Indian Union by plebiscite in 1975.
5.China atained nuclear power coutry in 1964 whereas India beomes nuclear power country in 1974.
6.China wants super power in Asian Continent whereas India emerged a big brother in South Asia Region.
7.China helping Pakistan to develop missiles whereas India is selling missiles to Vietnam.
8.China is angry upon India because 14th DALAI LAMA ruling excile Tibetian government from India. Dharmasala is a seat of spiritual leader in Himachal Pradesh and Second place is BYLAKUPPE near Mysore.
9.China has adopted a policy of “my enemy’s enemy is my friend”. Therefore Pakistan’s enemy is India and India’s enemy is China therefore China is a friend of Pakistan.
Atul Singhai, Doctor at BLK Super Speciality Hospital (2018-present)
As an Indian who's living in china for almost seven years from now, I have personally observed some similarities and differences in these two cultures. I’ll try to put forward some major one’s here….Without any bias.
One obvious difference is of Culture. Although these Asian countries were once a home to many ancient civilizations, yet with their unique & indifferent patterns of growth, there are hardly any similarities between their major customs and traditions. From the Traditional dresses to the regular cuisines ; and from art & literature to architecture nothing seems to be very much related. By saying that I must admit that these two countries still remain most interesting nations of the modern world.
One can also observe a major difference in food culture; Traditionally Chinese people have culture of consuming boiled vegetables using their regional and indigenous spices , they hardly use any kind of vegetable oils. Sea food, Various types of Meat and rice is something they are fond of.
Whereas the situation in India is completely different India has a rich and diverse food culture, from light and healthy South Indian idli to heavy buttery North Indian stuffed parathas, there are about 6000 popular cuisines one can taste. Indian culture is pretty much into fried, curry based food habits and you can also observe high influence of vegetarianism.
Amazingly For Chinese -Tea is dry leaves/ flowers/ seeds in boiled water with no sugar at all ,and this super healthy herbal tea is something they like to drink; but for Indians tea without milk and sugar is something really hard to imagine.
Let’s talk about some other parameters like Development. There is a significant difference in economy and growth of China and India , Although both these Asian nations are fastly growing and are emerging economies of the world. Still, commercial growth, industrialisation, modernisation and enhancement of basic public facilities are much more Noticeable in china as compare to India.
India and China both possess a huge variety of flora and fauna. There are numerous beautiful tourist spots, wild life sanctuaries, national parks and Bio-reserves , some really nice natural destinations and even artificial landscapes which has been established over years to promote tourism Still , when it comes to history and archeology India seems to be much more diversified may be it’s because indian doors were open to the world since ancient times and that brought Many world arts like Mughal, Persian, British and Portuguese together at one place making India more interesting; and so its fascination have always been more among tourists.
Here it is important to mention that just because of their world class facilities and western adaptations , the inflow of tourists might still be more in China compare to India but, for a traveller their journey to the world is not complete until they see India; and I say that because this traditional and cultural diversity of India is something unique and beyond comparision.
China has both domestic and international laws and they are made to be properly followed. while Indian law and order system is typically slow and flexible ,this can be one reason why people feel more safer in China compare to India.
In India prevails family values, it's more into morals and ethics. It's a land of mystic gurus, yoga and various new & existing belief systems. On the other hand China is way too much into money making, commercialization and new constructions, as a result it's losing those cultural and traditional values gradually. People are so busy making money to support their lives, that you'll find them actually very less culturally or spiritually awakened.
China kept its doors almost closed for centuries to the globalization, that is why adaptations and acceptance of various cultures is something you'll not find here, on a contrary, India has a history of invasions and so is known to have nourished many cultures together, there are more than 56 languages of its own origin and 18 of foreign origins including English, Arabic and Persian. While China was always supportive of their very own mandarin, indigenous language and so it still struggles on foreign language platforms. Indians not just learned many languages but also mastered some foreign languages, and thus of now became one of the largest English speaking country in the world.
China is good for people who like advances, westo-modern lifestyle, skyscrapers, bridges, new constructions, advance technologies and bussiness more than everything; yes offcourae they have many beautifully preserved and well maintained heritage centers too; but, you will not find much historicity, diversity, and variety in china until you’re going to real remote areas; while if we talk of India , which is more known for its cultural diversity, mystics, philosophies, and attractive natural landscapes is something you’ll find everywhere. It is said that every few 100 km’s not just costumes changes but also the language, cuisines and lifestyle. its reality, historicity and authenticity of Indian culture which makes India more interesting and colorful.
India is a land of origin of Yoga, and four of the 10 major world religions. Known for art, theatre, Bollywood and dance forms And so without doubt one step forward of china in field of entertainment.
China being known for The Great Wall, martial arts and Kung fu have also seen few of the greatest dynasties of world history. Chinese empires and their long history holds many great legends but since it was pretty difficult for scholars to understand language of ancient China, many chapters are still matter of research, rather than preserving those gems China is way busy in building skyscrapers And erecting western replicas I think.
Though both of these nations are admirable in many senses and are flag bearer of Asian culture still there are demons they have to overcome. Ruined politics, corruption, and poverty are biggest hurdles in the way of development of India; there are still some great targets India needs to achieve not just a GDP, while lack of cultural adaptations, secularism, strict and complicated law ,- and obviously decreasing traditional values are something China needs to take care of.