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为何越南看起来比印度现代得多,发达得多

 人参与  2018-12-08 11:28  分类 : 金宝博  点这评论

Why does Vietnam look much more modern and developed than India?

为何越南看起来比印度摩登发达得多?

QUORA网站读者评论: 译者:Joyceliu

Baqir Rizvi

Two travellers A anrd B start from city X to city Y which are 500 miles apart.

They both leave at 6am and arrive by 4pm. They both had stops for meals, restroom, cooling off, puncture etc.

Someone who just looks at the start time and end time will conclude that they both drove at an average speed of 50mph.

Someone who observed A when B was taking breaks would say that A is faster, while someone who observed B when he was trying to make up for time lost would say that B is faster. They would both be opposed by the one who observed them when they were moving together.

I don't know much about Vietnam, but maybe it is in the faster phase of development and comparing with India without looking at overall picture is as futile as comparing the 2 drivers above by looking at their driving for 10 mins only. Besides we don't even know whether they have the same car, same number of passengers, same level of experience etc.

两个旅行者分别A、B城出发到X、Y城,路程500英里。

他们早上6点离开,下午4点到。他们都停下来吃饭、上卫生间、休息等。

只要看一下开始和结束时间,就会得出结论,他们都以平均每小时50英里的速度行驶。

在B休息时看到A的人会说A更快,而在B追赶的时候看到B的人会说B更快。

我不太了解越南,但是也许它正处于快速发展的阶段,与印度相比,不看整体情况就毫无意义。此外,我们也压根不知道他们的车,乘客人数,驾驶经验等是不是一样。

 

Anonymous

That's why Vietnamese is smarter than Indians. They are becoming more richer than Indians. They spend their money wisely to speed up the economical development, although there are dispute here and there too. In particular, Vietnam has been using India to get involved into the disputes where India has no disputes initially, in order to divert the dispute from Vietnam to India.

这就是越南比印度人更聪明的原因。他们正变得比印度人更富有。他们合理消费以加速经济发展,尽管也面对种种争议。越南一直利用印度参与争端,印度最初没有争端,以便将争端从越南转嫁给印度。

 

Dinh Doan, studied at Harvard School of Public Health

surely is Indian, They have a good evironment policy and they have more technical people than Vietnam. Vietnam still develop with planing  economic strategy therfore they face with many problem when they develop, ie: corruption and imballance between demand and productive, The structure of economic is not suitable and the bank system is not clear

当然是印度,他们的环境政策很好,技术人员比越南多。越南发展至今仍以计划经济战略为依托,在发展中面临许多问题,如腐败、需求与生产的不平衡、经济结构不合理、银行体制不明确等。

 

Deepak Karunakaran

First you need to be clear as to where you went in India and where in Vietnam. You might have traveled just a couple of cities. India is a very strong economy and is extremely stable. It is because the government policy has little impact on most of the trade done by its people. The on paper analysis is unreliable because it just does not have the right statistic - as it is never collected.

首先,你必须清楚,你去了印度和越南的哪儿。你可能只去过两个城市。印度是一个非常强大的经济体,非常稳定。这是因为政府的政策对其人民所做的大部分贸易没有什么影响。纸上谈兵并不可靠,因为它并没有正确的统计-因为从未收集过。


Chamkan Ter

My fellow countrymen have a habit of answering every question even if they don’t have a clue. Most of the “Answers” here are Paper facts which persuaded me to answer this:

Background: In the beginning of this year, I traveled some 5000 KM from north to South of Vietnam on a motorbike and in between staying in various villages,towns, cities etc.

All the time we were comparing the economy, culture, cleanliness/dirtiness, poverty etc with India.

我的同胞们有种习惯,就算不懂,也要回答每一个问题。这里的大多数答案都是说服我回答这个问题的书面事实:

背景:今年初,我骑着摩托车从越南的北部到南部,行程超过5000公里,途径了不同的村庄、城镇、城市。

一直以来,我们都在经济、文化、清洁、肮脏、贫穷等方面与印度进行比较。

9d9e0d8fgy1fxycfsc9awj20gq0ck12u.jpg

Some remote village house up in the north (Lang Son Province). The owner of this house gave us free shelter and food for the night. The toilet was just a big hole in the ground. Yet, the lady had an iphone 4s. Not possible in India!

北部(谅山省)一些偏僻的乡村住宅。这房子的主人给我们提供了免费食宿。厕所就是在地上挖个大洞。但这位女士有iPhone 4S,这在印度是不可能的!

9d9e0d8fgy1fxycfr7jjzj20gq0ckn7r.jpg

Rural village roads just like India.

乡下的路跟印度一样。

9d9e0d8fgy1fxycfqqztej20gq0ckwl4.jpg
 

Small Town at Chinese Border. Notice the Suvs, these were rare sights compared to India.

中国边境的小镇。注意SUV,这在印度可是难得一见的。

9d9e0d8fgy1fxycfqagc2j20gq0ckam2.jpg

Railway Station Market in Hanoi. Exactly similar to Sadar Bazar Delhi. Bit more cleaner.

The above photos shows how ,on surface, Vietnam looks similar to India.

Differences we saw and reasons I speculated :

河内火车站市场跟萨达尔巴扎德里非常相似。更干净一些。

上面的照片说明,表面上看,越南与印度相似。

我们看到的差异和我推测的原因如下:

Inequality : On Paper Gini cofficient of both the countries are similar (39-In , 37-Vn). But you don’t need a Bird’s eye to see the reality on Ground. While travelling, I hardly encountered SUVs and Sedans. Everyone is on a motorbike! While, in India walk few Kms in a city and chances are you have seen a super rich and hand to mouth Guy.

Poverty: Again Income per capita (PPP) is simillar $6400 (Vn) and $7100(In). However, I didn’t encounter a single Beggar or roadside malnourished children in Vietnam (may be there are places). Here in India, even in the so called developed state of Tamil Nadu, you can easily find Poverty on your face (hint: Meenakshi Temple).

Reason: Low level of literacy, prevalent caste system in Rural India, Big population with inadequate resources. The later is a big reason because I didn’t see beggars and hand to mouth folks in Nagaland and Meghalaya.

不平等:两个国家的基尼指数相似(印度39,越南37)。但在现实生活中可以很明显地观察到不同。我一路很少遇到越野车和轿车。每个人都骑着摩托车!而在印度,城市里短短几公里路内,你就有可能看到超级富豪和潦倒穷人。

贫困:人均收入(PPP)差不多,(越南)6400美元,(印度)7100美元。但在越南,我没有遇到过乞丐或者路边营养不良的孩子。在印度,即使在所谓的泰米尔纳德邦的发达邦,你也可以很容易找到穷人的面孔。

原因:文化水平低,印度农村普遍存在种姓制度,人口多,资源不足。后一个原因很重要,因为在那加兰和梅加拉亚,我就没有看到过乞丐和潦倒的穷人。

Rich Poor Divide : In India, it’s easy judge a person by his Personality and attire. Rickshaw puller will mostly look like a rickshaw puller. But in Vietnam, damn… the roadside girls in trendy dresses selling corn (Bhutte wali) were so beautiful. Even girls working in small village restaurant had iphones.

Reason: I chatted with couple of people in Vietnam. A common answer was big consumerism (just like america). Earn and enjoy culture. Here in India, people start saving for their children,for their grand children, for home loan etc.

Cleanliness: Every foreign traveler knows “which is the dirtiest country in the world?”. I won’t say Vietnam is cleaner, some parts were clean some were giving close competition to our cities. (Still cities of UP are truly unconquerable )

Reason: I noticed majority of Vietnamese too don’t have civic senses just like we Indians. It’s just the population in India is (especially UP,Bihar, Bengal) huge consequently so is the trash.

贫富鸿沟:在印度,很容易通过个性和衣着来判断一个人。人力车夫大多看起来像人力车夫。但是在越南,穿着时髦衣服卖玉米的路边女孩太漂亮了。即使是在小村庄餐厅工作的女孩也有iPhone。

原因:我在越南和一些人聊天。他们给我的普遍答案是巨大的消费主义(就像美国一样)。赚钱就要享受的文化。在印度,人们会为他们的孩子、孙子孙女、家庭贷款等存钱。

清洁度:每个外国游客都知道“世界上最脏的国家是哪个”。我不会说越南更干净,有些地方挺干净,有些地方和我们差不多。(北方邦的城市是不能比的)

原因:我注意到大多数越南人没有我们印度人这样的公民意识。印度人口众多(尤其是北方邦,比哈尔,孟加拉),所以垃圾也很多。

9d9e0d8fgy1fxycfps02nj20gq0ckgt5.jpg
 

A clean Town in Vietnam!

越南某个干净的城镇

Infrastructure: This part was more or less similar. Just the Civic infrastructure was better in small towns (with Proper sewerage etc). Hanoi was similar to Delhi. Old quarters was similar to Connaught Place (Just bit cleaner and less chaotic)

Reason: Again India is a democracy (somewhat flawed), so you need ‘N’ no of things before you start implementing something.

There many other difference as well like food, conservative/liberal culture etc. But I think those are not related to “modern” look!

Last thing traveling brought me out of my Nationalistic Cocoon.

基础设施:这部分或多或少相似。小城镇的城市基础设施(下水道)更好。河内和德令哈市相似。老地方与康诺特相似(也只是比较干净,不那么混乱而已)。

理由:印度也是一个民主国家(虽有些缺陷),所以在你开始实施某些东西之前,你会遇到各种阻挠。

还有很多其他的区别,像食物,保守/自由文化等等。但我认为这些与“现代”的外观无关!

最后,旅行使我挣脱了民族主义的束缚。

 

Harshil Vora, Mechanical Engineer

I agree with Soumendu Majee. In addition to that If we assume your claim to be true of Vietnam performing better than India, Lets have a look at the advantages and disadvantages of staying in Vietnam instead of India.

 Lets see some advantages first:

  • Be 85.23% less likely to be unemployed. (Vietnam has an unemployment rate of 1.30% while India has 8.80%)
  • Live 5.11 years longer. (The life expectancy at birth in Vietnam is 72.91 while in India it is 67.80.)
  • Be 56.03% less likely to die in infancy. (The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in Vietnam is 18.99 while in India it is 43.19.)

我同意Soumendu Majee的观点。除此之外,如果我们假定你所谓的越南比印度好,那么让我们看看越南而不是印度的优势和不足。

让我们先看看一些优势:

  • 失业率低85.23%。(越南失业率为1.30%,印度失业率为8.80%)
  • 寿命长5.11年。(越南出生预期寿命为72.91岁,印度出生预期寿命为67.80岁)。
  • 婴儿夭折率低56.03%。(在越南,每1000名活产婴儿在1岁内死亡的人数为18.99,而印度为43.19)。

Now lets see some disadvantages:

  • Use 96.99% more electricity. (The per capita consumption of electricity in India is 565kWh while in Vietnam it is 1,113kWh)
  • Spend 66.94% more money on health care. (Per capita public and private health expenditures combined in Vietnam are $102.50 USD while India spends $61.40 USD)
  • Consume 3.7% more oil ( India consumes 0.1134 gallons of oil per day per capita while Vietnam consumes 0.1176 )
  • Be 33.33% more likely to have HIV/AIDS. (The percentage of adults living with HIV/AIDS in Vietnam is 0.40% while in India it is 0.30%.)
  • Experience 2.17% more of a class divide. ( The degree of inequality in the distribution of family income. In Vietnam it is 37.60 while in India it is 36.80.)

现在让我们看看不足之处:

  • 耗电量多96.99%。(印度的人均用电量为565kWh,而越南的电耗为1113kWh)。
  • 医疗保健花费多66.94%。(越南人均公共和私人卫生支出合计为102.50美元,印度为61.40美元)
  • 多消耗3.7%的石油(印度每天人均消耗0.1134加仑的石油,而越南每天消耗0.1176加仑的石油)
  • 感染艾滋病毒/艾滋病的人数多33.33%。(越南艾滋病病毒感染者的比例为0.40%,印度为0.30%。)
  • 等级划分程度高2.17%。(家庭收入分配的不平等程度。在越南是37.60,而在印度则是36.80。)

And one neutral point would be:

  • Make the same amount of money! ( The GDP per capita in Vietnam is $4,000 while in India it is $4,000)

The disadvantages don't seem much relevant on per day basis. But going by 5 or 10 year plan or more, It does produce more concern on society, environment and standard of living!

还有一点比较中立的是:

  • 赚同样的钱!(越南人均GDP为4000美元,印度人均GDP也为4000美元)

短期看,不足之处并不那么重要。但通过五年、十年计划或更长时间后,它确实会产生更多的社会,环境和生活水平问题!

 

Vaibhav Khairnar, studies at Savitribai Phule Pune University (2019)

No, vietnam is not more modern or developed than india.

And Its unfair comparison. Bcoz

How can You compare

1250 million against 90 million?

33 lakh sq km against 3 lakh square km??

  1. 3 trillion $ against 195 billion $ ??

And if u still want to compare and say vietnam is more developed then:

不,越南并不比印度更现代化或更发达。

这种比较并不公平,这是因为

你怎么能把12.5亿跟9000万、330万平方公里和30万平方公里、2.3万亿和1950亿作对比呢?

如果你还坚持比较,认为越南语更发达的话:

i)india has 450 million people living in middle class and above which is FIVE times vietnam, their avg life is far better than avg vietnamese.can you compare??

ii)indias space technology ISRO (first asian and only the second after NASA to reach mars) against vietnams space technology. Can you compare??

iii)indias IT technology,business hubs, innovations,manufacturing, big MNCs, startups Against vietnams. Can you compare???

iv)indias military, economy, political influence, logistics, bollywood, media, sports, science and technology, airports,institutions etc etc…compare this with vietnam??

v)narendra modi(9 th most powerful person on the planet according to forbes 2015) against xuan phuc

vi)At last, indias global muscle power against vietnams…. can you compare??

(一)印度有4.5亿人生活在中产阶级之上,是越南的五倍,他们的平均生活水平比越南人要好得多,能比较吗??

(二)印度太空技术印度空间研究组织(是抵达火星的第一个亚洲国家,仅次于美国宇航局)跟越南太空技术比一比。能比较吗??

(三)印度的IT技术、商业中心、创新、制造业、大型跨国公司、初创企业对比越南。能比较吗????

(四)印度的澳门足球陪率、经济、政治影响、后勤、宝莱坞、媒体、体育、365betok、机场、机构等……与越南比比看呢??

(五)纳伦德拉莫迪(福布斯2015年评选出的全球最有权势人物榜第9名),阮春福能比吗?

(六)最后,印度的全球实力和越南比…能比较吗??

Leave aside india, lets compare vietnam with mumbai.

Vietnam gdp =195 Billion $(2015)

Vietnam gdp growth rate= 5. 4%

Mumbai gdp=278 billion $(2014)

Mumbai gdp growth rate=6. 2 %

So, i dont know how vietnam is more developed, when Mumbai alone has bigger and faster growing gdp than vietnam.

Look Both the countries are developing nations, i know vietnam is one of the fastest growing economies, it is also very important and prominent nation in south East Asia and a great strategic partner of india.

india has got its problems which should be fixed and maybe vietnam being a small country compared to india is a bit developed in rural areas(which i seriously doubt) .. also i dont know which part of india u visited but regardless of that India is just too big to compare with vietnam.

So ur question is completely wrong or i guess U are just trolling.

撇开印度,让我们把越南和孟买作比较。

越南GDP=1950亿美元(2015年)

越南国内生产总值增长率为5.4%

孟买GDP=2780亿美元(2014年)

孟买国内生产总值增长率为6.2%

所以,我不知道区区孟买国内生产总值都比越南更大、增长更快,如何硬说越南更加发达。

把这两个国家都看做发展中国家,我知道越南是经济增长最快的国家之一,也是东南亚很重要、表现很突出的国家,也是印度的伟大战略伙伴。

印度也有自己的问题,应该解决,也许越南比印度小,农村地区稍微发达(我严重怀疑)。我也不知道你去过印度哪里,但不论如何,印度比起越南都只大不小。

所以你的提问完全错误,我猜你只是骗回复。

 

Robert Charles Lee, Printbroker, financial printer, ex-lawyer

I think Vietnam seems to be doing better than India mainly because most projects don't seem to run into the kind of deadweight inertia of bureaucracy that characterise or typify India. So projects in Vietnam seem to move along relatively quicker there than the similar in India.

The way I understand it, the statistics are still in India's favour overall. Then again, those statistics may be a little misleading too. Notwithstanding the technical definitions, India has never had a closed economy (even though it might not necessarily have an 'open' one from time to time). India has always traded with the rest of the world, problematic it may have been from time to time in the past.

By contrast, Vietnam was closed off practically completely from 1975 until actual economic liberalisation came in the mid-1990s and really got moving in the early 2000s.

But like the others have highlighted, Vietnam is a rather homogeneous society and has a centralised way of governance, both of which helps considerably. India is a highly heterogeneous society by history and culture and the state is nowhere as centralised as it bills itself, so India has a much steeper uphill to get things done.

So far, that's the picture that appears to me about both countries. So far, both countries are trying to do the right thing and move in the right direction.

我认为越南似乎比印度做得更好,主要是因为大多数工程项目貌似都不会陷入官僚机构的繁冗之中,这种情况子在印度特别突出。因此,越南的项目进展起来似乎比印度要快得多。

据我了解,印度的统计数字总体上还是占优势。同样,这些统计数据可能也有点出入。印度从未有过封闭的经济(尽管经济并不总是“开放”)。印度一直与世界其他地区贸易。

相比之下,越南从1975年起几乎完全被封锁,直到1990年代中期才开始实施经济自由化,2000年代初真正开始行动。

但是,正如其它国家所强调的,越南是一个相当同质化的社会,采取中央集权的治理方式,这两点都有很大帮助。从历史和文化来看,印度是一个高度异质化的社会,国家没有集权统治,所以印度还要攀爬更陡峭的坡路。

到目前为止,这是我对两国的看法。到目前为止,两国都在努力做正确的事情,并朝着正确的方向前进。

 

Peter Topping, ASEAN nerd, Indonesia fan and Myanmar watcher with Vietnamese neighbours.

It is not a fare comparison to make, Vietnam is only 90 million peoples, it is much more historically, culturally and social integrated as a society, it has a tightly controlled command economy that is very very good at getting things done, it has a highly motivated work force and peripheral experience of the China manufacturer ing supply chain, the leadership has well defined national development goals and the means to deliver them.

India is a new nation created from the British Raj of over a billion people, in a democratic federal system with weak central Government, more than 100 languages and 250 dialects with no integrated infrastructure and a whole sub continent to contend with.

这种比较并不公平,越南只有九千万人口,它在历史、文化和社会上更加一体化,国家有严格的控制经济,非常擅长把事情办好,它有积极向上的劳动力和中国制造业供应链带来的外围经验,国家领导已经明确规定了国家发展目标以及实现这些目标的手段。

印度是一个新兴国家,是英属印度统治下的10多亿人民组成的,在一个民主的联邦制度下,中央政府薄弱,有着100多种语言和250种方言,没有完整的基础设施和整个次大陆可与之抗衡。

Totally differen scenarios. How ever I would say while Vietnam has been incredibly dynamic and focused since 1996 India has not. The decades 1979 to 1999 were wasted opportunities for India compared to China and ASEAN,now she is begining to pick up her game but it will be hard, look at Modi struggles to pass a basic sales tax, India needs national and state based nationally looking infrastructure urgently.

So Vietnam has one major back bone highway, one major rail route,one national telco,one main airline, one main language, two principal cities,5 —7 regional centres, a national education system, one police, customs and civil service, one set of laws, one set of holidays, one main and 2 more minor religions but India has that in every state.

两个国家是完全不同的。越南自1996年以来一直充满活力,而且一直专心致志,而印度不是这样。与中国和东盟相比,对印度来说1979年至1999年间的几十年就是白白浪费了机会,现在印度开始向越南学习,但是很难,看看莫迪为通过销售税而苦苦挣扎,印度急需以国家和国家为基础的基础设施。

因此,越南有一条主要干线公路,一条主要铁路线路,亿个国家电信,一家主要航空公司,一种主要语言,两个主要城市,五至七个区域中心,一个全国教育系统,一个警察、海关和公务员制度,一个法律体系,一系列假期,一个主要宗教和两个小宗教。但印度的每个州都有不同宗教。

 

Trọng Đạt, works at Ho Chi Minh City

Vietnam look much more modern and developed ??

  • First, that is Vietnam ‘s normal development appearance, Vietnamese working hard to get that achievement . It’s not fake “Look like” for you to watch, If you go to Vietnam, you will see that truth of Development of Vietnam
  • After 20 year trade embargo from US ( ended in 1995) , Vietnamese working hard to catching up others Asia nations , we know that we live in shorter peace than them, we’re unlucky nation, So we must be hard working more & more
  • Vietnam’s development you can see through the North , Middle to South: Hanoi, HCM city, Danang, Nhatrang, Vungtau, Halong, Vinh, Haiphong wih ton of Skyline and construction here, we also have ton of famous Tourist Cities like Hoian, Sapa, Dalat, PhuQuoc island , Halong, Muine, bomb Construction & building,

越南看起来更现代、更发达??

  • 第一,这是越南的正常发展面貌,越南人努力工作才取得了这一成就。“看起来像”并不是假象,如果你真的去到越南,你就会看到越南发展的真相。
  • 经过美国20年的贸易禁运(1995年结束),越南人努力追赶其他亚洲国家,我们知道我们的和平时期比他们短,我们是不幸的国家,所以我们必须更加努力工作。
  • 越南的发展你可以从北、中到南都看到:河内、HCM城、大浪、芽庄、头顿、夏朗、荣市、海防,这里有数以吨计的天际线和建筑,我们还有一众著名旅游城市,如会安、沙帕、达拉、佩特岛、夏朗等等。

Vietnam development through the country, de-central economics, So Vietnam ‘s development totally different with Asia nation like Thailand, Malaysia, Phillpin, or Indoensia who only focus in their Capital cities

That why Vietnam “modern and development” will spread to all Vietnamese in every provinces and cities

  • Vietnam economics focus on all people can get the rich, all people can do business, free capitalism everywhere , Ton of Viet Tycoon, Rich people rising, especial Vietnamese Middle income rising fast in the world

your question truly considered that Vietnam development is Fake so you put “look like “ words in your sentences?

越南的发展是全国性的国家,经济去中心化,所以越南的发展完全不同于亚洲国家,如泰国,马来西亚,菲律宾,或印第安那州,他们只关注首都一个城市。

正因为如此,越南的“现代化与发展”会惠及每个省市的每个越南人。

  • 越南经济模式的重点是,人人都能致富,人人都能做生意,自由资本主义无处不在,越南大亨众多,富人越来越多,越南中等收入人群在世界范围内迅速增多。

你的问题在于你认为越南的发展不真实,所以你用了“看起来像”这样的字眼。

 

Shumayel Liton

It's a matter of priorities.

-India is far too obsessed about its defence equipment. It is currently the biggest importer of of defence weaponry in the world.

-It is currently engaged in a high intensity spy op in Pakistan thru Balochistan, and needs to spend a lot of money which goes unaccounted for.

-India has strong caste and creed system with people like scheduled classes. These people, dalits, will over time, 1000 year laters be still scheduled classes, since in hindu religion, a dalit cannot be equal to a brahmin or any higher caste in terms of status and money brings you status and standard.

-India has too much population. It is growing at the fastest rate in the world and india cannot uplift these people. China has done that through population control but india is not willing to do that since it will not work in india and also that hindus in india feel threatened by growing muslim population.

-india has most poverty in the world which contributes to bringing down the per capita considerably, although educated people might earn normally.

Chances are that india despite its growth will never be able to really perform as a developed country because of its inherent hodge podge of religions, castes, creeds, nations living there. And poverty will continue to grow and people will earn less and less since population is exploding at alarming rate.

这就是一个关于优先等级的问题。

印度对国防装备过于痴迷。它是目前世界上最大的国防武器进口国。

-印度目前在巴基斯坦通过俾路支进行高强度的间谍活动,需要花费大量金钱,而且很多钱下落不明。

-印度有很强的种姓和教义制度,人们喜欢预留制。这些人,达利特,就算1000年后仍然还是会预留种姓,因为在印度教中,贱民在地位和金钱方面不能跟婆罗门或任何更高的种姓平起平坐。

-印度人口过多。它的速度增长是全球最快,但印度不能提升这些人。中国已经通过人口控制做到了这一点,但是印度不愿意这样做,因为它在印度不起作用,而且印度人受到穆斯林人口不断增长的威胁。

-尽管受过教育的人收入水平可能正常,但印度的贫困程度是全世界最高的,这大大降低了人均收入。

由于印度固有的宗教、种姓、教义、民族大杂烩,尽管印度发展迅速,但它可能永远无法真正成为一个发达国家。由于人口增长速度惊人,贫困将越来越明显,人们的收入将越来越少。

 

Megha, Travel junkie, adventure lover, Senior Writer with Holidayme.com

Depends on what context you're asking - economically, from a travel perspective, culturally, etc.

From a culture and travel point of view, it is almost difficult to compare the two. Both India and Vietnam are countries blessed with stunning landscapes, sheer natural beauty, best of cuisines (maybe India takes a slight lead on this one), rich culture, beautiful cities, local traditional villages, rich heritage, and so much more!

Economically, India stands at a much better place than Vietnam. India is a booking IT hub, and is technologically nearly at par with the most developed countries of the world. India is way more industrialized than Vietnam. Also, Vietnam comes no where close to India when it comes to military might and overall clout in Asia.

这取决于你基于哪方面,是经济,旅行,还是文化等等。

从文化和旅游的角度来看,这两国难分伯仲。印度和越南都拥有迷人的风景、纯粹的自然美景、最好的美食(也许印度在这方面稍微领先一些)、丰富的文化、美丽的城市、当地的传统村庄、丰富的遗产等等。

经济上,印度比越南好得多。印度是IT中心,在技术上几乎与世界上最发达国家相当。印度比越南工业化程度要高得多。此外,越南在亚洲的澳门足球陪率实力和总体影响力方面无法跟印度相提并论。

 

Anonymous

Vietnam.

Vietnam is more richer than India.

Vietnam is smarter than India.

Vietnam is able to focus more on economical development than India.

Vietnam can invite India to against China, and more focused on economical development.

越南。

越南比印度更富有。

越南比印度更聪明。

越南比印度更关注经济发展。

越南可以邀请印度一起反对中国,更关注经济发展。

外文链接:https://www.quora.com/Why-does-Vietnam-look-much-more-modern-and-developed-than-India

本文标签:越南  印度  发达

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